Policy & Practice Briefs

The Policy & Practice Brief series forms part of ACCORD's knowledge production work to inform peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. They aim to provide succinct, rigorous and accessible recommendations to policy makers and practitioners and to stimulate informed and relevant debate to promote dialogue as a way to peacefully resolve conflict. Each issue draws on field research or the outcomes of thematic events, with analysis underpinned by rigorous research, academic theory and methods. 

Who said it was simple?

Implementing 1325

Policy and Practice Brief 2

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights into UN Resolution 1325, and impact of conflict and violence on women. It forms part of ACCORD’s knowledge production work to inform peace.

Download PDF

Executive Summary

On 31 October 2000, the United Nations (UN) Security Council passed resolution 1325, which categorically linked violence against women during conflict and their marginalisation during peace processes with the short and long-term challenges of maintaining international peace and security. Based on a review of 1325 debates and literature, I present some of the main obstacles to the resolution’s widespread realisation and explore opportunities for its implementation in the decades to come.The analysis in this brief is meant to inform policymakers and practitioners about the overall concepts and framework of 1325, including its limits; but it also points to concrete action in some problematic areas of the 1325 agenda. The brief therefore concludes with a discussion of participation in peace processes; gender mainstreaming; and protection, followed by three detailed policy recommendations:

  1. Creatively bridge the equality gap in participation by:
    - Expanding the pool of eligible women peacemakers.
    - Broadening the space for negotiators to include women at the grassroots level.
  2. Normalise gender mainstreaming by:
    - Establishing widespread 1325 performance expectations within peace operations.
  3. Meet protection obligations by:
    - Expanding and deepening protection activities.
    - Creating incentives and establishing dialogue with armed groups.