ACCORD’s Angola Intervention, entitled Building peace & Democracy in Angola: Enhancing Capacity for Managing Conflict is a culmination of the Organisation’s work in the country since 2004. This work is inclusive of a Conflict Vulnerability Assessment that was conducted in 2005 prior to the official start of the programme. The Intervention focuses on three main areas namely, capacity building civil society and other relevant stakeholders, community reintegration and the development of a monitoring and evaluation tool or mechanism of intervention. The overall objective is to contribute to improving democratic governance through the promotion of constructive dialogue between stakeholders and building capacity for participation in decision-making processes at different levels, to develop skills in conflict prevention, management and transformation; and to build local capacity and sustainability. The Angola Intervention is implemented in partnership with Development Workshop (DW) Angola and funded by the Department for International Development (DFID).
Angola’s independence in 1975 marked the beginning of 27 years of civil war between the two key parties, MPLA (Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola) government and UNITA (União Nacional para Independência Total de Angola), that ended in 2002. The civil was brought with it many challenges in respect to peace-building, infrastructure development, social and community rehabilitation and cohesion, political competition, freedoms, etc. It also introduced a number of opportunities for investment, peace building initiatives and interventions, and more significantly a peaceful transition period through democratic processes. ACCORD’s presence in Angola has been driven by its extensive experience throughout the continent and abroad to contribute in peace building.
Activities undertaken by the Intervention can be divided into the following:
- Conflict management and mediation trainings;
- Dialogue sessions;
- Material development;
- Monitoring and evaluation tool / mechanism.
Throughout its implementation period, the Intervention engages and interacts with various stakeholders, both institutions and individuals, working in the same field and rises awareness to various circles of society and policy making as a result it continuously and increasingly engages with local authorities.
Currently, the Intervention is in its third year since its inception in 2006 and has trained a more than 150 of people from different civil society groups from Luanda, Bengo, Huambo, Kwanza Sul, Uíge, Bié, Huíla, Cunene, Benguela, Lunda Norte, Lunda Sul and Moxico; as well as government officials from Luanda, Huambo and Huíla provinces. It has also trained conflict management trainers who will be used as resource persons in their respective organisations and ACCORD’s Angola Intervention. The Intervention further envisages working with government structures, apart from civil society, in order to build capacity in conflict management and mediation skills and strengthen existing capacity in dealing with conflicts in a constructive manner.